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What modulates our Sun? The majority of science work on the principle that the Sun is self modulating and each solar cycle is a product of a random number generator. There are others that suspect the Sun is modulated by the planets with a special emphasis on Uranus & Neptune. Thanks to Carl Smith who has recently left us we have new knowledge that significantly adds to Jose, Landscheidt & Charvàtovà's work.

Geoff Sharp

DSN - A Better Way to Measure Sunspots?

The Sunspot record goes back to about 1749 and is the longest directly measured metric of the Sun that we have. If we want to compare today's activity with solar cycles of the Dalton Minimum etc we do not have any other direct method of comparison. The Layman's Count attempts to address the upward trend in recording sunspots that occurs after Wolf's death.

Many thanks go to Carl's brother Dave for providing the Domain, Server and Software.